Specialized departments and ward sections

The hospital care facility consists of specialized wards, each of which is intended for patients with homogeneous diseases. When planning ward rooms, a dead-end nature of their placement (obstruction) is provided. The department consists of typical ward sections (1-2 or more), which can be placed on one floor with a neutral zone between them, or one above the other – vertically.

The principle of autonomy of the ward sections – a certain set of rooms for a limited number of patients, provides the best hygienic conditions, among which the most important is the possibility of isolation in the event of nosocomial infections (nosocomial infections).

The ward section is the main functional structural unit of the hospital and is provided for 25-30 patients with homogeneous diseases. It is an isolated complex of premises and includes:

1) chambers (2 single, 2 double and 6 four);

2) a room for a day’s stay of patients – the so-called. hall (including a glazed veranda);

3) treatment and support facilities: doctor’s office, nurse on duty post, treatment room (manipulation room), dressing room in surgical wards, nurse’s room, medical staff room, enema room, etc .;

4) utility rooms: pantry, dining room, linen, room of the hostess’s sister, etc .;

5) a sanitary unit: a bathroom, washbasins, toilets for patients and staff, a sanitary room, etc.

An important element of the ward section are corridors, stairs and elevators. Corridors perform not only the role of a connecting link between rooms, but also represent a convenient additional space; they with sufficient width (not less than 2.4 meters) can be used as dining rooms, halls for the day stay of patients, as well as clean air tanks. For this, the presence of so-called. “Light pockets”, especially in central corridors, and windows at the ends of the building; It is recommended not to completely block the corridor, no more than 60-75% of its length, so-called. dotted buildings.

The specialized departments include additional diagnostic and treatment facilities. The height of the rooms of the ward section should be 3–3.3 meters.

The area of ​​the premises of a typical ward section is given in the task chart for students to perform practical work – examination of the ward section design.

local_offerevent_note August 28, 2019

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